Responsible tourism means all travel and leisure directly dependent on the use of natural existence e. g.
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wildlife and surroundings. Nature based tourism include eco-tourism and mass tourism. Uncontrolled mass tourism continues to contribute to the wreckage of natural & cultural importance (commercialization of Culture) thus top or causing loss of biological and cultural biodiversity, and important options for income. Nature based tourism offers a way of financing unique ecosystems upkeep. This provides opportunity for the community living close to the protected areas to benefit economically e. g. employment opportunity. Yet Nature based tourism & journey while sustaining eco-system also degrades them. Much nature based tourism falls short of social responsibility to the local community.
Sustainable tourism is developed and managed in such a way that all travel and leisure activities will focus on a heritage resource, natural and cultural which can be continued imminently and every effort is built to maintain the resource to perpetuity.
According to hector Ceballos-Lascurian (1983) ecotourism indicates “the tourism that involves travelling to fairly undisturbed natural area with the object of admiring, studying and experiencing the scenery and its wild plant life and animals as well as cultural features found there. ”
Eco-tourism sees four basic elements: –
᾿ The natural environment as the primary attraction and the cultural environment playing another role
᾿ The sustainable technique ecological and cultural environment.
᾿ Focus on education and the interpretation of the resource
᾿ Provision of the advantage to the host community
Tourism is all about people and places where 1 group of people leave, visit and move across places, the people who make the vacation possible and the people encountered within the tour, it involves travellers, host neighborhoods and governments.
In tourism market the destination is perhaps one of the most essential elements. The destination region represents the raison d’tre for travel and leisure and the tourist attraction at the location generates the visit. Tourism system is consumed where it is produced (destination). Hence the destination comes below considerable pressure from high degrees of demand focused both in time and at specific sites for example the warm East Africa, Indian Ocean coastal beaches during the northern hemisphere winter.
Tourist pressures can lead to alteration of the tourism resource and as tourism resource and as tourist demand continues to raise so have many destinations around the world succumbed to environmental degradation. The impact that some form of tourism development has on the environment offers raised concern among environmentalist as well as other constituents. Therefore professional management plus planning of destination are vital if tourism is to contribute to their particular conservation and to be perceived as a suitable industry in a world whose success is threatened.
Tourism demand unspoilt environment in which to operate. It is essential that tour operation should be developed plus managed in such a way that as to protect the natural assets. We sign up for the fact that the extent to which tourism is developed, planned and managed in an orderly and coordinated way will affect the long-term quality of the tourism product and subsequently the achievements of the hospitality Industry. While travel and leisure can be a catalyst for development, it is important for the government agencies plan and develop tourism carefully so that the benefit can be optimized without creating social and environmental problems
Low impact kinds of tourism counteracts the effects of mass travel and leisure that poses a number of challenges in the resource base i. e. atmosphere, society, and economy. Low impact types of tourism create a balance between environment quality and resource utilization. This really is mainly aimed at empowering local neighborhoods in managing their natural assets that is creating an incentive to conserve the biological resource in the environment by allowing the beneficial effects from tourism filter down to the individual families and households.
Alternative tourism is viewed as forms of tourism that are consistent with organic social and community values plus which allows both the host and the guest to enjoy positive and worthwhile discussion and shared experience it is also known variously as ecotourism, nature travel and leisure sustainable tourism environmentally friendly, environmentally sensitive, ecological compatible ecologically sound or even Green and eco-tour such as Strolling tours, Birds Safari, Camel safaris Guided nature walks, horse riding safaris, bicycle tours, home and farm stays, youth tourism.
Many places marketed as responsible tourism does not consider the local community development, economical, interpersonal welfare and human rights. Indeed majority of them care less about the useful resource as long as it brings the “green bill “. There must be concern with employees and tourist education i. e. the expected visitors’ behaviour. Thus in this, nature based tourism is definitely formulated as sustainable development. The concept of set principles, Ties 1991 defined it as responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment plus sustains the well being of the residents.